# Year 2 Mathematics

## Autumn

### Number: Place Value

• Read and write numbers to at least 100 in numerals and in words.
• Recognise the place value of each digit in a two digit number (tens, ones).
• Identify, represent and estimate numbers using different representations including the number line.
• Compare and order numbers from 0 up to 100; use <, > and = signs.
• Use place value and number facts to solve problems.
• Count in steps of 2, 3 and 5 from 0, and in tens from any number, forwards and backwards.

• Recall and use addition and subtraction facts to 20 fluently, and derive and use related facts up to 100.
• Add and subtract numbers using concrete objects, pictorial representations, and mentally, including: a two-digit number and ones; a two-digit number and tens; two two-digit numbers; adding three one-digit numbers.
• Show that the addition of two numbers can be done in any order (commutative) and subtraction of one number from another cannot.
• Solve problems with addition and subtraction: using concrete objects and pictorial representations, including those involving numbers, quantities and measures; applying their increasing knowledge of mental and written methods.
• Recognise and use the inverse relationship between addition and subtraction and use this to check calculations and solve missing number problems.

### Measurement: Money

• Recognise and use symbols for pounds (£) and pence (p); combine amounts to make a particular value.
• Find different combinations of coins that equal the same amounts of money.
• Solve simple problems in a practical context involving addition and subtraction of money of the same unit, including giving change.

### Number: Multiplication and Division

• Recall and use multiplication and division facts for the 2, 5 and 10 times- tables, including recognising odd and even numbers.
• Calculate mathematical statements for multiplication and division within the multiplication tables and write them using the multiplication (×), division (÷) and equals (=) sign.
• Solve problems involving multiplication and division, using materials, arrays, repeated addition, mental methods and multiplication and division facts, including problems in contexts.
• Show that the multiplication of two numbers can be done in any order (commutative) and division of one number by another cannot.

## Spring

### Number: Multiplication and Division

• Recall and use multiplication and division facts for the 2, 5 and 10 times- tables, including recognising odd and even numbers.
• Calculate mathematical statements for multiplication and division within the multiplication tables and write them using the multiplication (×), division (÷) and equals (=) sign.
• Solve problems involving multiplication and division, using materials, arrays, repeated addition, mental methods and multiplication and division facts, including problems in contexts.
• Show that the multiplication of two numbers can be done in any order (commutative) and division of one number by another cannot.

### Statistics

• Interpret and construct simple pictograms, tally charts, block diagrams and simple tables.
• Ask and answer simple questions by counting the number of objects in each category and sorting the categories by quantity.

### Number: Fractions

• Recognise, find, name and write fractions 1/2, 1/3, 1/4, 2/4 and 3/4of a length, shape, set of objects or quantity.
• Write simple fractions for example,
• 1/2 of 6 = 3 and recognise the equivalence of 2/4 and 1/2.

### Geometry: Properties of Shape

• Identify and describe the properties of 2-D shapes, including the number of sides and line symmetry in a vertical line.
• Identify and describe the properties of 3-D shapes, including the number of edges, vertices and faces.
• Identify 2-D shapes on the surface of 3-D shapes, [for example, a circle on a cylinder and a triangle on a pyramid.]
• Compare and sort common 2-D and 3-D shapes and everyday objects.

## Summer

### Measurement: Length and Height

• Choose and use appropriate standard units to estimate and measure length/height in any direction (m/cm); mass (kg/g); temperature (°C); capacity (litres/ml) to the nearest appropriate unit, using rulers, scales, thermometers and measuring vessels.
• Compare and order lengths, mass, volume/capacity and record the results using >, < and =.

### Geometry: Position and Direction

• Use mathematical vocabulary to describe position, direction and movement including movement in a straight line and distinguishing between rotation as a turn and in terms of right angles for quarter, half and three-quarter turns (clockwise and anti-clockwise).
• Order and arrange combinations of mathematical objects in patterns and sequences.

### Measurement: Time

• Tell and write the time to five minutes, including quarter past/to the hour and draw the hands on a clock face to show these times. Know the number of minutes in an hour and the number of hours in a day.
• Compare and sequence intervals of time.

### Measurement: Mass, Capacity and Temperature

• Choose and use appropriate standard units to estimate and measure length/height in any direction (m/cm); mass (kg/g); temperature (°C); capacity (litres/ml) to the nearest appropriate unit, using rulers, scales, thermometers and measuring vessels
• Compare and order lengths, mass, volume/capacity and record the results using >, < and =