Year 6 Mathematics


Place Value

  • Read, write, order and compare numbers up to 10,000,000 and determine the value of each digit.

  • Round any whole number to a required degree of accuracy.

  • Use negative numbers in context, and calculate intervals across zero.

  • Solve number and practical problems that involve all of the above.

Addition, Subtraction, Multiplication and Division

  • Solve addition and subtraction multi step problems in contexts, deciding which operations and methods to use and why.

  • Multiply multi -digit number up to 4 digits by a 2 -digit number using the formal written method of long multiplication.

  • Divide numbers up to 4 digits by a 2 -digit whole number using the formal written method of long division, and interpret remainders as whole number remainders, fractions , or by rounding as appropriate for the context.

  • Divide numbers up to 4 digits by a 2 -digit number using the formal written method of short division, interpreting remainders according to the context.

  • Perform mental calculations, including with mixed operations and large numbers.

  • Identify common factors, common multiples and prime numbers.

  • Use their knowledge of the order of operations to carry out calculations involving the four operations.

  • Solve problems involving addition, subtraction, multiplication and division.

  • Use estimation to check answers to calculations and determine in the context of a problem, an appropriate degree of accuracy

Number: Fractions

  • Use common factors to simplify fractions; use common multiples to express fractions in the same denomination.

  • Compare and order fractions, including fractions > 1

  • Generate and describe linear number sequences (with fractions)

  • Add and subtract fractions with different denominations and mixed numbers, using the concept of equivalent fractions.

  • Multiply simple pairs of proper fractions, writing the answer in its simplest form [for example 1/4 x 1/2 = 1/8 ]

  • Divide proper fractions by whole numbers [for example 1/3 Γ· 2 = 1/6 ]

  • Associate a fraction with division and calculate decimal fraction equivalents [ for example, 0.375] for a simple fraction [for example 38 ]

  • Recall and use equivalences between simple fractions, decimals and percentages, including in different contexts.

Geometry: Position and Direction

  • Describe positions on the full coordinate grid (all four quadrants).

  • Draw and translate simple shapes on the coordinate plane, and reflect them in the axes.


Number: Decimals

  • Identify the value of each digit in numbers given to 3 decimal places and multiply numbers by 10, 100 and 1,000 giving answers up to 3 decimal places.

  • Multiply one-digit numbers with up to 2 decimal places by whole numbers.

  • Use written division methods in cases where the answer has up to 2 decimal places.

  • Solve problems which require answers to be rounded to specified degrees of accuracy.

Number: Percentages

  • Solve problems involving the calculation of percentages [for example, of measures and such as 15% of 360] and the use of percentages for comparison.

  • Recall and use equivalences between simple fractions, decimals and percentages including in different contexts.

Number: Algebra

  • Use simple formulae.

  • Generate and describe linear number sequences.

  • Express missing number problems algebraically.

  • Find pairs of numbers that satisfy an equation with two unknowns.

  • Enumerate possibilities of combinations of two variables.

Measurement: Converting Units

  • Solve problems involving the calculation and conversion of units of measure, using decimal notation up to three decimal places where appropriate.

  • Use, read, write and convert between standard units, converting measurements of length, mass, volume and time from a smaller unit of measure to a larger unit, and vice versa, using decimal notation to up to 3dp.

  • Convert between miles and kilometres.

Measurement: Perimeter, Area and Volume

  • Recognise that shapes with the same areas can have different perimeters and vice versa.

  • Recognise when it is possible to use formulae for area and volume of shapes.

  • Calculate the area of parallelograms and triangles.

  • Calculate, estimate and compare volume of cubes and cuboids using standard units, including cm3 , m3 and extending to other units (mm3 , km3 )


  • Solve problems involving the relative sizes of two quantities where missing values can be found by using integer multiplication and division facts.

  • Solve problems involving similar shapes where the scale factor is known or can be found.

  • Solve problems involving unequal sharing and grouping using knowledge of fractions and multiples.


Geometry: Properties of Shape

  • Draw 2-D shapes using given dimensions and angles.

  • Compare and classify geometric shapes based on their properties and sizes and find unknown angles in any triangles, quadrilaterals and regular polygons.

  • Recognise angles where they meet at a point, are on a straight line, or are vertically opposite, and find missing angles.


  • Illustrate and name parts of circles, including radius, diameter and circumference and know that the diameter is twice the radius.

  • Interpret and construct pie charts and line graphs and use these to solve problems. Calculate the mean as an average.